labour relations


labour relations
Labour relations, or industrial relations as it is known in Britain, is the interdisciplinary and somewhat diffuse study of the institutions and rule-fixing processes of the labour-market . Its core subject-matter has always been collective bargaining between trade unions or analogous organizations of employees, on one hand, and employers and their associations on the other. A widening of scope has been evident for some years however, as a result of the need to put dealings between organized labour and employers into their legal, historical, economic, political, and sociological contexts. The term ‘employee relations’, found increasingly in management writing, was once a synonym for industrial relations; it now usually denotes parts of the field in which management-trade union relationships either play a smaller role or are argued to be inappropriate.
Differences in definition derive partly from the fact that, despite a long history of academic investigation, no single disciplinary core has yet emerged in descriptions and explanations of industrial relations behaviour. Today, therefore, work in the subject includes the following: historical and contemporary aspects of the law of labour contract; the difference in theory and practice between wage-fixing by negotiated rules as opposed to competitive or free- market processes; reasons for state involvement in labour relations together with historical and contemporary aspects of the politics of employer-employee bargaining; the normative basis of wage differentials and wage negotiation; historical and contemporary causes of industrial conflict and its relation to class conflict; the relationships between the organized and unorganized sectors of the labour-force; labour-market segmentation and dualism; the relationship of employment and wage policy to social policy ; training , skill , and unemployment .
Sociologists, historians, economists, psychologists, lawyers, and others continue to make contributions, often with scant regard for each other. In recent years the notion of industrial relations systems (, Industrial Relations Systems, 1958, and, The Transformation of American Industrial Relations, 1986) has been regarded as bringing a degree of unity into studies of the field. Critics of the notion argue that it is incomplete, unhelpfully static in conception, and too broad in scope to be more than a classification device with little or no explanatory power. See also labour process ; personnel management ; trust and distrust.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • labour relations — ➔ relations * * * labour relations UK US UK (US labor relations) noun [plural] HR ► the relationships between employees and employers: »Many leading edge manufacturers are searching for ways to improve labour relations. → Compare INDUSTRIAL… …   Financial and business terms

  • labour relations — labour .relations BrE labor relations AmE n [plural] the relationship between employers and workers ▪ a company with good labour relations …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • labour relations — N PLURAL Labour relations refers to the relationship between employers and employees in industry, and the political decisions and laws that affect it. We have to balance good labor relations against the need to cut costs. (in AM use labor… …   English dictionary

  • labour relations — BrE labor relations AmE noun (plural) the relationship between employers and workers: a company with good labour relations …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • labour relations — / leɪbə rɪˌleɪʃ(ə)nz/ plural noun relations between management and employees ● The company has a history of bad labour relations …   Dictionary of banking and finance

  • labour relations — /ˈleɪbə rəleɪʃənz/ (say laybuh ruhlayshuhnz) plural noun relations between management and labour, especially in industry. Also, labor relations …   Australian English dictionary

  • Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention, 1978 — Infobox ILO convention code= C151 name= Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention, 1978 adopt= June 27, 1978 force= February 25, 1981 classify= Freedom of Association Collective Bargaining and Agreements subject= Freedom of Association,… …   Wikipedia

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  • Ontario Hydro v. Ontario (Labour Relations Board) — Supreme Court of Canada Hearing: November 9, 1992 Judgment: September 30, 1993 …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian Broadcasting Corp. v. Canada (Labour Relations Board) — SCCInfoBox case name=Canadian Broadcasting Corp. v. Canada (Labour Relations Board) full case name=Canadian Broadcasting Corp. v. Canada (Labour Relations Board) heard date=March 14, 1994 decided date=January 27, 1995 citations= [1995] 1 S.C.R.… …   Wikipedia


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